Maths Syllabus for Grade-8

UNITTOPICSUBTOPICACTIVITY
 1 Rational Number1.  Properties
2.  Representation on a number line
3. Four operations
4. Applications
 
 2Exponents1.  Laws and its applications
2.  Standard form
 
 3 Data Handling1.  Frequency distribution table
2.  Histogram
3. Pie Chart
4. Probability
Collecting data and representation in the form of Pie Chart
4Algebraic Expressions1. Fundamental Operations on algebraic expressions 
4Algebraic Identities1. IdentitiesDerivation of Algebraic Identity (a + b)² by paper cutting and pasting
5
Comparing Quantities
1.  Percentage
2.  Profit andLoss
3.  Discount
4.  SalesTax
5.  To find CI when:
(a). Compounded Annually
(b). Compounded Half-Yearly
(c). Rates are different for different years
(d). Time is a fraction
(e). Application on CI (Depreciation)
(f). Interest compounded Quarterly
 
6Linear Equation In One Variable1.  Solving Equations that have Linear Expression on one side and numbers on the other side and their application.
2.  Solving Equations that have Linear Expression on both sides and its application.
3.  Reducing Equations to Simplerform.
4.  Equation Reducible to the LinearForm.
 
 7 Practical GeometryConstruction of Quadrilaterals
1.  When four sides and one diagonal is given
2.  When three sides and two diagonals are given
3.  When three sides and two included angles are given
4.  When two adjacent sides and three angles are given
5.  When four sides and one angle are given Construction of Special Type of Quadrilaterals:
1.  Square
2.  Rectangle
3.  Rhombus
4.  Parallelogram
5. Trapezium
 
8Squares and Square Roots1.  Perfect squares and their properties.
2.  PythagoreanTriplet
3.  Square roots by prime factorization and long division method
 
9Cubes and Cube Roots1. Finding out the cube root of a number by the prime factorization method. 
10Factorization1.  TakingCommon
2.  Grouping and TakingCommon
3.  UsingIdentities
4.  Middle TermFactorisation
 
11Mensuration1.  Area of Trapeziums and polygons
2.  Volume and Surface Area of
a.  Cube
b. Cuboid and
c.  Right Circular Cylinder
Derivation of formula for Total Surface Area of a Cuboid
12 Understanding Quadrilaterals1.  Definition and Classification of Polygons.
2.  Angle sum Property of Quadrilaterals.
and Sum of the Interior and Exterior Angles of a Polygon
3. Kinds of Quadrilaterals
4.Some Special Parallelograms
  The Sum of exterior angles of a quadrilateral is 360°
 13Direct & Inverse Proportion1.  Direct Proportion
2.  Inverse Proportion
3.  Problems on Time andWork
 
14Introduction to Graphs1.  Difference between Line graph and Linear Graph
2.  Basic concept of coordinate axes and the quadrants and the sign conventions related to it.
3.  Plotting of points
4.  Line Graphs and LinearGraphs